What is Full-stack development and how does it work?

Stack means a huge pile of things. Why do we use this in software then? Well, because that’s the most appropriate way to describe the development process. The software development is based on layers and layers of codes, instead of being linear. The full-stack development includes both front and back-end software development. 

The basic model of full-stack development is called T-shaped development. A T-shaped developer is equipped with many basic skills of a field while being an expert in one or a few specific fields. 

The developers who work in full-stack are a good example of this model. They know about both front-end development and back-end development with skills in other related fields as well. Let’s discuss these two areas in depth:

Front-End Development:

The front-end development is all about the skills of representation. How the content will appear on your application or website? How the application or website would look on various devices? The compatibility across platforms and devices, and the user experience of your product, all of this come under the umbrella of front-end development. The main languages used in front-end development are Java Script, HTML, CSS, and many other scripting languages. A front-end developer has to keep all the aspects of a product design in mind during the development process, including color themes, fonts, formatting, tabs, and all the other design aspects. These languages help the developer make content appealing and effective to the users. 

Front-end developers are usually skilled in designing software use too. They can use tools for illustration, photo editing, and video/audio editing because they are responsible to create a platform where the users can efficiently interact with the business and exchange information. The developer’s expertise in UI/UX design is always a plus point. These skills help the developers assess the technical capabilities of a website or application by its looks and design and they can work better with UI/UX designers. 

Back-End Web Development:

back-end development is all about creating, editing, updating, and recollecting data. The back-end developers use languages like PHP, Ruby, and Python. Using these languages the back-end developer creates algorithms and product logic. They do it to process and edit the data that they have received during the process of front-end development.

To be good at this whole work, a back-end developer should be an expert in writing code in specific languages to receive the information input from the consumers or users and also be able to save this content in a database. 

When it comes to databases, there are two basic types of databases: 

  • Relational (like PostgreSQL and MySQL) 
  • Non-relational management systems (like Mongo). 

The language that a developer uses for database management is called SQL, it helps them interact with the required database. It looks strange on the outside but there are various database management systems based on ease of use.

Another very important part of back-end development is the management of servers; these servers are applications that host a database and serve up the mobile application or website. Sometimes companies use cloud-based servers instead of managing their own servers. Some of the cloud servers are Heroku or AWS.

But on the other hand, understanding server management makes it easy for a developer to troubleshoot slow applications or websites and they can even determine beforehand, how scalable their application or websites can be, in order to include more consumers or users.

Full-Stack Web Development:

A full-stack developer needs to be an expert in both the front-end and back-end, as well as the full stack of technology that makes up an application or website. They are fully skilled in frameworks and languages that are used in both front-end and back-end development. They are also proficient in server, network, and hosting cultures. All of these skills need time and experience to get to this level of knowledge, that is why most full-stack developers will have to spend years and years working in an array of different roles within these fields. They also have a knowledge of both product & business logic, and user experience, which means, these developers are well-trained and can guide and provide you with advice on strategy too.

Becoming A Full-Stack Web Developer:

It looks harder to gain all this knowledge and experience; then why do developers choose to learn the full spectrum of development? It is because a developer well-versed in both back and front-end development is way more valuable to a company when they can assess and discuss both sides of the web and application development process and connect both sides.

A developer who can calculate and tell how a website or application should appear, feel, and, use data while knowing the technical limitations of such methods is always a desired and valuable member of a company.


Full stack development is becoming popular with every passing day. The IT industry had always been all about ‘Smart work over hard work’, and nothing could describe it better than full stack development. The economical situation of the world right now also requires people skilled in more fields coming under one umbrella, because companies like to hire lesser people with more value. 

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